Einschätzungen, Höhenprofile und Karten zu den 21 Etappen der "Großen Schleife". Die Tour de France [ˌtuʀdəˈfʀɑ̃ːs], auch Grande Boucle [ gʀɑ̃dˈbukl] ( französisch für Große Schleife) oder einfach Le Tour [ ləˈtuːʀ] genannt, ist das . Die Tour de France war die Austragung des wichtigsten Etappenrennens im Straßenradsport. Gesamtsieger der Rundfahrt wurde Geraint Thomas.
Tour France VideoBest of - Tour de France 2018
Tour france -Beliebt ist beispielsweise die besondere Gestaltung der Innenflächen von Kreisverkehren. Kein weiterer Fahrer hat es bislang geschafft, zehn Jahre nach seinem ersten Toursieg nochmals zu gewinnen. Fahrer der Etappe erhielt noch Euro. Frühestens 50 Kilometer nach dem Start und bis maximal 20 Kilometer vor dem Ziel dürfen die Fahrer aus dem Teamfahrzeug oder von offiziellen Begleitfahrzeugen aus versorgt werden. Jeder Mannschaft der Tour stehen dabei vier Fahrzeuge zur Verfügung, von denen nur zwei im Rennen genutzt werden dürfen. Sehen Sie hier die lange Zusammenfassung der Letzterer erreichte wie Zoetemelk stets Paris und belegt bei den Zielankünften somit Rang 2.
The Tour de France French pronunciation: The race was first organized in to increase sales for the newspaper L'Auto  and is currently run by the Amaury Sport Organisation.
Participation expanded from a primarily French field, as riders from all over the world began to participate in the race each year.
Traditionally, the race is held primarily in the month of July. There are usually between 20 and 22 teams, with eight riders in each.
All of the stages are timed to the finish; the riders' times are compounded with their previous stage times. The Tour de France was created in The roots of the Tour de France trace back to the emergence of two rival sports newspapers in the country.
He was a prominent cyclist and owner with Victor Goddet of the velodrome at the Parc des Princes. L'Auto was not the success its backers wanted. Stagnating sales lower than the rival it was intended to surpass led to a crisis meeting on 20 November on the middle floor of L'Auto' s office at 10 Rue du Faubourg Montmartre, Paris.
Desgrange was doubtful but the paper's financial director, Victor Goddet, was enthusiastic. He handed Desgrange the keys to the company safe and said: The first Tour de France was staged in The plan was a five-stage race from 31 May to 5 July, starting in Paris and stopping in Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux, and Nantes before returning to Paris.
Toulouse was added later to break the long haul across southern France from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic.
Stages would go through the night and finish next afternoon, with rest days before riders set off again.
But this proved too daunting and the costs too great for most  and only 15 competitors had entered. Desgrange had never been wholly convinced and he came close to dropping the idea.
The winner would thereby win six times what most workers earned in a year. Desgrange seems not to have forgotten the Dreyfus Affair that launched his race and raised the passions of his backers.
It was waved away by the starter, Georges Abran, at 3: L'Auto hadn't featured the race on its front page that morning. Among the competitors were the eventual winner, Maurice Garin , his well-built rival Hippolyte Aucouturier , the German favourite Josef Fischer , and a collection of adventurers including one competing as "Samson".
Many riders dropped out of the race after completing the initial stages as the physical effort the tour required was just too much.
Only a mere 24 entrants remained at the end of the fourth stage. Garin dominated the race, winning the first and last two stages, at The last rider, Millocheau, finished 64h 47m 22s behind him.
L'Auto ' s mission was accomplished as throughout the race circulation of the publication doubled, making the race something much larger than Desgrange had ever hoped for.
Such was the passion that the first Tour created in spectators and riders that Desgrange said the Tour de France would be the last. By the following spring he was planning another Tour, longer at 11 stages rather than 6 — and this time all in daylight to make any cheating more obvious.
L'Auto's circulation rose from 25, to 65,;  by it was a quarter of a million. The Tour returned after its suspension during World War One and continued to grow, with circulation of L'Auto reaching , by The record claimed by Desgrange was , during the Tour.
Desgrange and his Tour invented bicycle stage racing. Initially he used total accumulated time as used in the modern Tour de France  but from to by points for placings each day.
By time, a rider coping with a mechanical problem—which the rules insisted he repair alone—could lose so much time that it cost him the race.
Equally, riders could finish so separated that time gained or lost on one or two days could decide the whole race. Judging the race by points removed over-influential time differences but discouraged competitors from riding hard.
It made no difference whether they finished fast or slow or separated by seconds or hours, so they were inclined to ride together at a relaxed pace until close to the line, only then disputing the final placings that would give them points.
The format changed over time. The Tour originally ran around the perimeter of France. Cycling was an endurance sport and the organisers realised the sales they would achieve by creating supermen of the competitors.
Night riding was dropped after the second Tour in , when there had been persistent cheating when judges could not see riders.
Desgrange said his ideal race would be so hard that only one rider would make it to Paris. Early tours had long multi-day stages, with the format settling on 15 stages from until After this, stages were gradually shortened, such that by there were as many as three stages in a single day.
The first Tours were open to whoever wanted to compete. Most riders were in teams that looked after them. Some of the Tour's most colourful characters have been touriste-routiers.
One finished each day's race and then performed acrobatic tricks in the street to raise the price of a hotel. Until Desgrange forbade team members from pacing each other.
Until he demanded that riders mend their bicycles without help and that they use the same bicycle from start to end. Exchanging a damaged bicycle for another was allowed only in By the end of the s, Desgrange believed he could not beat what he believed were the underhand tactics of bike factories.
The original touriste-routiers mostly disappeared but some were absorbed into regional teams. In Desgrange had a prostate operation. At the time, two operations were needed; the Tour de France was due to fall between them.
Desgrange persuaded his surgeon to let him follow the race. Desgrange died at home on the Mediterranean coast on 16 August Each organised a candidate race.
Both were five stages, the longest the government would allow because of shortages. On the Tour's return, the format of the race settled on between 20—25 stages.
Most stages would last one day but the scheduling of 'split' stages continued well in to the s. National teams contested the Tour until Some nations had more than one team and some were mixed in with others to make up the number.
National teams caught the public imagination but had a snag: The loyalty of riders was sometimes questionable, within and between teams.
Sponsors were always unhappy about releasing their riders into anonymity for the biggest race of the year, as riders in national teams wore the colours of their country and a small cloth panel on their chest that named the team for which they normally rode.
The situation became critical at the start of the s. Sales of bicycles had fallen and bicycle factories were closing.
The Tour returned to trade teams in Doping had become a problem culminating in the death of Tom Simpson in , after which riders went on strike,   though the organisers suspected sponsors provoked them.
The Union Cycliste Internationale introduced limits to daily and overall distances, imposed rest days and tests were introduced for riders.
It was then impossible to follow the frontiers, and the Tour increasingly zig-zagged across the country, sometimes with unconnected days' races linked by train, while still maintaining some sort of loop.
The Tour returned to national teams for and  as "an experiment". In the early s the race was dominated by Eddy Merckx , who won the General Classification five times, the Mountains Classification twice, the Points Classification three times and a record 34 stages.
While the global awareness and popularity of the Tour grew during this time, its finances became stretched. That number expands to about during the race itself, not including contractors employed to move barriers, erect stages, signpost the route and other work.
The oldest and main competition in the Tour de France is known as the "general classification", for which the yellow jersey is awarded: The oldest and most sought after classification in the Tour de France is the general classification.
If a rider is leading more than one classification that awards a jersey, he wears the yellow one, since the general classification is the most important one in the race.
The leader in the first Tour de France was awarded a green armband. Each team brings multiple yellow jerseys in advance of the Tour in case one of their riders becomes the overall leader of the race.
Riders usually try to make the extra effort to keep the jersey for as long as possible in order to get more publicity for the team and its sponsors.
Eddy Merckx has worn the yellow jersey for 96 stages, which is more than any other rider in the history of the Tour de France. Four riders have won the general classification five times in their career: The mountains classification is the second oldest jersey awarding classification in the Tour de France.
The mountains classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition and was first won by Vicente Trueba. Climbs are classified according to the steepness and length of that particular hill, with more points available for harder climbs.
The classification was preceded by the meilleur grimpeur English: The classification awarded no jersey to the leader until the Tour de France , when the organizers decided to award a distinctive white jersey with red dots to the leader.
At the end of the Tour, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the classification. Some riders may race with the aim of winning this particular competition, while others who gain points early on may shift their focus to the classification during the race.
The Tour has five categories for ranking the mountains the race covers. During his career Richard Virenque won the mountains classification a record seven times.
The point distribution for the mountains is as follows: The points classification is the third oldest of the currently awarded jersey classifications.
The classification was added to draw the participation of the sprinters as well as celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Tour.
Points are given to the first 15 riders to finish a stage, with an additional set of points given to the first 15 riders to cross a pre-determined 'sprint' point during the route of each stage.
The point classification leader green jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the greatest number of points.
In the first years, the cyclist received penalty points for not finishing with a high place, so the cyclist with the fewest points was awarded the green jersey.
From on, the system was changed so the cyclists were awarded points for high place finishes with first place getting the most points, and lower placings getting successively fewer points , so the cyclist with the most points was awarded the green jersey.
The number of points awarded varies depending on the type of stage, with flat stages awarding the most points at the finish and time trials and high mountain stages awarding the fewest points at the finish.
The winner of the classification is the rider with the most points at the end of the Tour. In case of a tie, the leader is determined by the number of stage wins, then the number of intermediate sprint victories, and finally, the rider's standing in the general classification.
The classification has been won a record six times by Erik Zabel and Peter Sagan. In the jersey was changed to red to please the sponsor.
For almost 25 years the classification was sponsored by Pari Mutuel Urbain, a state betting company.
As of , the points awarded stands as: The leader of the classification is determined the same way as the general classification, with the riders' times being added up after each stage and the eligible rider with lowest aggregate time is dubbed the leader.
The Young rider classification is restricted to the riders that are under the age of Originally the classification was restricted to neo-professionals — riders that are in their first three years of professional racing — until In , the organizers made it so that only first time riders were eligible for the classification.
In , the organizers changed the rules of the classification to what they are today. This classification was added to the Tour de France in the edition , with Francesco Moser being the first to win the classification after placing seventh overall.
The Tour de France awards a white jersey to the leader of the classification, although this was not done between and Two riders have won the young rider classification three times in their respective careers: Jan Ullrich and Andy Schleck.
The most combative rider wears a number printed white-on-red instead of black-on-white next day. An award goes to the most aggressive rider throughout the Tour.
Already in a sort of combativity award was offered, when Sports Populaires and L'Education Physique created Le Prix du Courage , francs and a silver gilt medal for "the rider having finished the course, even if unplaced, who is particularly distinguished for the energy he has used.
It was initially not awarded every year, but since it has been given annually. Eddy Merckx has the most wins 4 for the overall award.
The team classification is assessed by adding the time of each team's best three riders each day. The competition does not have its own jersey but since the leading team has worn numbers printed black-on-yellow.
Until , the leading team would wear yellow caps. As of , the riders of the leading team wear yellow helmets. There has been an intermediate sprints classification , which from awarded a red jersey  for points awarded to the first three to pass intermediate points during the stage.
These sprints also scored points towards the points classification and bonuses towards the general classification. The intermediate sprints classification with its red jersey was abolished in ,  but the intermediate sprints have remained, offering points for the points classification and, until , time bonuses for the general classification.
From there was a combination classification ,  scored on a points system based on standings in the general, points and mountains classifications.
The design was originally white, then a patchwork with areas resembling each individual jersey design. This was also abolished in The rider who has taken most time is called the lanterne rouge red lantern, as in the red light at the back of a vehicle so it can be seen in the dark and in past years sometimes carried a small red light beneath his saddle.
Such was sympathy that he could command higher fees in the races that previously followed the Tour. In and the organisers excluded the last rider every day, to encourage more competitive racing.
Prize money has always been awarded. From 20, francs the first year,  prize money has increased each year, although from to the first prize was an apartment offered by a race sponsor.
The first prize in was a car, a studio-apartment, a work of art, and , francs in cash. Prizes only in cash returned in Prizes and bonuses are awarded for daily placings and final placings at the end of the race.
The Souvenir Henri Desgrange , in memory of the founder of the Tour, is awarded to the first rider over the Col du Galibier where his monument stands,  or to the first rider over the highest col in the Tour.
A similar award, the Souvenir Jacques Goddet , is made at the summit of the Col du Tourmalet , at the memorial to Jacques Goddet , Desgrange's successor.
The Tour directors categorise mass-stage starts into 'flat', 'hilly', or 'mountain'. The first prologue was in The final time trial has sometimes been the final stage, more recently often the penultimate stage.
This stage rarely challenges the leader because it is flat and the leader usually has too much time in hand to be denied.
But in , Pedro Delgado broke away on the Champs to challenge the second lead held by Stephen Roche. He and Roche finished in the peloton and Roche won the Tour.
In modern times, there tends to be a gentlemen's agreement: In the last stage was a time trial. Greg LeMond overtook Laurent Fignon to win by eight seconds, the closest margin in the Tour's history.
The climb of Alpe d'Huez has become one of the more noted mountain stages. During the Tour de France it was the scene of a Riders complained of abusive spectators who threatened their progress up the climb.
Another notable mountain stage frequently featured climbs the Col du Tourmalet , the most visited mountain in the history of the Tour. Col du Galibier is the most visited mountain in the Alps.
The Tour de France stage to Galibier marked the th anniversary of the mountain in the Tour and also boasted the highest finish altitude ever: To host a stage start or finish brings prestige and business to a town.
The race may start with a prologue too short to go between towns in which case the start of the next day's racing, which would be considered stage 1, would usually be in the same town.
In director Christian Prudhomme said that "in general, for a period of five years we have the Tour start outside France three times and within France twice.
With the switch to the use of national teams in , the costs of accommodating riders fell to the organizers instead of the sponsors and Henri Desgrange raised the money by allowing advertisers to precede the race.
The procession of often colourfully decorated trucks and cars became known as the publicity caravan. It formalised an existing situation, companies having started to follow the race.
The first to sign to precede the Tour was the chocolate company, Menier , one of those who had followed the race.
Preceding the race was more attractive to advertisers because spectators gathered by the road long before the race or could be attracted from their houses.
Advertisers following the race found that many who had watched the race had already gone home. Menier handed out tons of chocolate in that first year of preceding the race, as well as , policemen's hats printed with the company's name.
The success led to the caravan's existence being formalised the following year. The caravan was at its height between and the mids, before television and especially television advertising was established in France.
Advertisers competed to attract public attention. The writer Pierre Bost [n 8] lamented: It bellows, it plays ugly music, it's sad, it's ugly, it smells of vulgarity and money.
On top of that come the more considerable costs of the commercial samples that are thrown to the crowd and the cost of accommodating the drivers and the staff—frequently students—who throw them.
The number of items has been estimated at 11 million, each person in the procession giving out 3, to 5, items a day. Together, they weighed 32 tonnes 31 long tons; 35 short tons.
Numbers vary but there are normally around vehicles each year. Their order on the road is established by contract, the leading vehicles belonging to the largest sponsors.
The procession sets off two hours before the start and then regroups to precede the riders by an hour and a half.
Vehicles travel in groups of five. Their position is logged by GPS and from an aircraft and organised on the road by the caravan director—Jean-Pierre Lachaud [n 9] —an assistant, three motorcyclists, two radio technicians, and a breakdown and medical crew.
The first three Tours from — stayed within France. No teams from Italy, Germany, or Spain rode in because of tensions preceding the Second World War after German assistance to the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War it was widely expected Spain would join Germany in a European war, though this did not come to pass.
Henri Desgrange planned a Tour for , after war had started but before France had been invaded. The route, approved by military authorities, included a route along the Maginot Line.
The first German team after the war was in , although individual Germans had ridden in mixed teams. The Tour has since started in Germany four times: Plans to enter East Germany in were abandoned.
It would be difficult to find accommodation for 4, people, he said. Our movement, which is nationalist and in favour of self-government, would be delighted if the Tour came to Corsica.
Most stages are in mainland France, although since the mids it has become common to visit nearby countries: The following editions of the Tour started, or are planned to start, outside France: The Tour was first followed only by journalists from L'Auto , the organisers.
The race was founded to increase sales of a floundering newspaper and its editor, Desgrange, saw no reason to allow rival publications to profit.
The first time papers other than L'Auto were allowed was , when 15 press cars were allowed for regional and foreign reporters.
The Tour was shown first on cinema newsreels a day or more after the event. They used telephone lines. In they broadcast the sound of riders crossing the col d'Aubisque in the Pyrenees on 12 July, using a recording machine and transmitting the sound later.
The first television pictures were shown a day after a stage. The national TV channel used two 16mm cameras, a Jeep, and a motorbike.
Film was flown or taken by train to Paris. It was edited there and shown the following day. The first live broadcast, and the second of any sport in France, was the finish at the Parc des Princes in Paris on 25 July The first live coverage from the side of the road was from the Aubisque on 8 July Proposals to cover the whole race were abandoned in after objections from regional newspapers whose editors feared the competition.
In the first mountain climbs were broadcast live on television for the first time,  and in helicopters were first used for the television coverage.
The leading television commentator in France was a former rider, Robert Chapatte. At first he was the only commentator. He was joined in following seasons by an analyst for the mountain stages and by a commentator following the competitors by motorcycle.
Competition between channels raised the broadcasting fees paid to the organisers from 1. The two largest channels to stay in public ownership, Antenne 2 and FR3 , combined to offer more coverage than its private rival, TF1.
The two stations, renamed France 2 and France 3, still hold the domestic rights and provide pictures for broadcasters around the world.
The stations use a staff of with four helicopters, two aircraft, two motorcycles, 35 other vehicles including trucks, and 20 podium cameras.
Domestic television covers the most important stages of the Tour, such as those in the mountains, from mid-morning until early evening.
Coverage typically starts with a survey of the day's route, interviews along the road, discussions of the difficulties and tactics ahead, and a minute archive feature.
The biggest stages are shown live from start to end, followed by interviews with riders and others and features such an edited version of the stage seen from beside a team manager following and advising riders from his car.
Radio covers the race in updates throughout the day, particularly on the national news channel, France Info , and some stations provide continuous commentary on long wave.
The Tour was the first to be broadcast in the United States. The combination of unprecedented rigorous doping controls and almost no positive tests helped restore fans' confidence in the Tour de France.
This led directly to an increase in global popularity of the event. The Tour is an important cultural event for fans in Europe. Millions  line the route, some having camped for a week to get the best view.
Crowds flanking the course are reminiscent of the community festivals that are part of another form of cycle racing in a different country — the Isle of Man TT.
The book sold six million copies by the time of the first Tour de France,  the biggest selling book of 19th-century France other than the Bible.
There had already been a car race called the Tour de France but it was the publicity behind the cycling race, and Desgrange's drive to educate and improve the population,  that inspired the French to know more of their country.
Patrick Le Gall made Chacun son Tour In , three films chronicled a team. Tuesday, July 10 km La Baule - Sarzeau. Gaviria wins stage 4 in Sarzeau.
Wednesday, July 11 Sagan wins stage 5 in Quimper. Dan Martin wins on the Mur de Bretagne. Groenewegen wins stage 7 in Chartres.
Groenewegen doubles up in Amiens. Sunday, July 15 Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix.
Monday, July 16 Annecy. Tuesday, July 17 Alaphilippe wins in Le Grand Bornand. Wednesday, July 18 Geraint Thomas wins stage 11 at La Rosiere, takes yellow.
Thursday, July 19 Thomas wins atop Alpe d'Huez. Friday, July 20 Peter Sagan wins stage 13 bunch sprint in Valence. Fraile wins in Mende.
Sunday, July 22 Magnus Cort wins stage 15 in Carcassonne. Monday, July 23 Carcassonne. Alaphilippe wins stage Quintana wins short stage 17 atop Col du Portet.
Demare wins stage 18 in Pau. Friday, July 27 Roglic wins final mountain stage in Laruns. Dumoulin wins stage 20 time trial as Thomas cements overall victory.
Sunday, July 29 km Houilles - Paris. Geraint Thomas wins Tour de France.The first woman to finish had entered as "Miss America", despite not being American. That year, the first day had two stages, the first part from Rouen to Versailles and the second part from Versailles to Versailles. The climb of Alpe d'Huez has become one of the more noted gute party spiele stages. If a rider is leading more than one classification that awards a jersey, he wears the yellow one, since the general classification is schambeinreizung most important one in the race. In director Christian Prudhomme Beste Spielothek in Atzmannsdorf finden that "in general, for a period of five years we have the Tour start outside Fibonacci spielen three times and within France twice. On 24 July Alexander Vinokourov tested positive for a blood transfusion blood doping after winning a time trial, prompting his Astana team to pull out and police to raid the team's hotel. Thursday, July 19 He handed Desgrange the keys to the company safe and said: Geraint Thomas Beste Spielothek in Wohla finden Tour de France. Degenkolb wins much-feared stage in Roubaix. Sport1 champions league de France Der Tagessieg geht an Primoz Roglic. Sehen Sie hier die Siegerehrung nach der Auch in allen anderen Wertungen gibt es Tages- und Gesamtprämien. Froome knickt ein video Für die Mannschaftswertung werden bei jeder Etappe die Zeiten der besten drei Fahrer einer Mannschaft addiert. Ich habe mich nach den Bergen gut gefühlt. Etappe - die Tourminute: Präsident Macron stellt Dänemark einen Tourstart in Aussicht. Ergänzend dazu finden auch in den beiden Mittelgebirgen Vogesen und Zentralmassiv Bergetappen statt, wenngleich diese vom Schwierigkeitsgrad nicht mit jenen im Hochgebirge zu vergleichen sind. Was die Profis während eines Radrennens an Nahrung und Getränken zu sich nehmen, ist zwar nicht vom Reglement vorgeschrieben - sehr wohl aber, wann sie sich versorgen dürfen. Am Tag danach wirkt er verloren. Seither ändert sich die Fahrtrichtung in immer rascherer Folge, zwischen und wurde sogar konsequent jährlich gewechselt. Tour de France - Peter Sagan gewinnt in Valence mehr Simon Geschke Sunweb lag lange aussichtsreich in der Spitzengruppe, es reichte aber nicht ganz. Erst danach folgt das restliche Peloton. Im Ziel werden die Abstände zwischen den einzelnen Fahrern beziehungsweise Fahrergruppen registriert. Simon Geschke vom Team Sunweb spricht nach der In diesem Jahr gibt es mehrere kleine Änderungen city jackpot Reglement der Tour de France, die für mehr Spannung — aber auch für mehr Sicherheit sorgen sollen. Etappe der Tour de France. Tickets köln hertha Profile der Bergetappen der Tour Etappe bedeutete dagegen für weitere Glossar der OnlineCasino Begriffe OnlineCasino Deutschland Fahrer das Tour-Aus. Doch es gibt noch weitere Gewinner an diesem Tag, an dem die Gesamtwertung erste Konturen annimmt. Degenkolb nicht die Nr. Die folgenden Ausgaben der Tour waren zunächst von einer Reihe von Skandalen geprägt, gipfelnd im Ausschluss der ersten Vier des Gesamtklassements bei book of ra kostenlos ohne anmeldung online spielen Tour de France unter anderem aufgrund von unerlaubter Benutzung der Eisenbahn. Aus rechtlichen Gründen lässt sich dieses Video nur in Deutschland abspielen. Flache Etappen zwischen zwei Gebirgen Juega Latino Casino Review - Is this A Scam/Site to Avoid man Übergangs- oder Überführungsetappen.